Study Summation: Effects of Wind Turbines on Earth’s Rotation

Effects of Wind Turbines on Earth’s Rotation

Conclusive Study Summation

Dr. Matthew I. Stone, Astrophysics Department, WITDr. Amanda Black, Environmental Studies Department, WIT

Abstract

In a study funded by the government of Saudi Arabia and the BP corporation, The Wyoming Institute of Technology has found conclusive evidence that wind turbines are slowing the Earth’s rotational force, which is directly negatively affecting climate change on a global scale. This study is currently awaiting peer review and will not be fully released until all data has been compiled and calculated.

Introduction

turbineIn March of 2009, WIT was approached by the BP corporation to study alternative “green” energy sources, with the hope that they could venture away from petroleum markets and develop new product strategies involving clean energy. As such, WIT was tasked with researching wind turbines, to determine their sustainability, marketability, and practical, applicable values for both short term and long term usage.

In August 2011, however, a different WIT team, working with NASA, learned that the Earth’s rotational force is being diminished. Upon careful research and calculation, our Astrophysics department determined that wind turbines are reducing said rotational force ever slightly. That variation in rotation, however, is having cataclysmic impacts on global climate patterns.

 

 

Materials

US_wind_power_mapWind Turbines were directly studied at eighteen sites in the United States, two in Great Britain, one in France, and two in Saudi Arabia. We measured proportional thrust, coefficient thrust, lift, drag, and other general aeronautic and aerodynamic factors, as they might relate to affecting the Earth’s rotational speed.

WIT used facilities at Brookhaven National Laboratory in New York, MIT in Massachusetts, and Cambridge in the United Kingdom to measure the Earth’s rotational force over time, particularly during peak hours of operation for wind turbines in five distinct global sectors. We also used atomic clock facilities in the United States, Switzerland, and Japan.

Finally, we utilized jet stream data collected in 2010 and 2011 by NOAA, measurements from observatories in Hawaii, and migratory data compiled by the World Wildlife Foundation to confirm our numbers and better catalog our findings.  For environmental studies, WIT worked closely with NOAA, FEMA, Cambridge, and BP’s own internal research teams to conclude weather pattern shifts through the past century.

Methods

PropulsiveEfficiencyUsing our compiled data, WIT researchers measured the Earth’s rotational speed and force every ten minutes, by atomic clock standards, in our five planetary zones, throughout the course of exactly four years, from 2010 through 2014. We would compare data from multiple sites, with conclusive matching on all metadata globally, to within 98.4% accuracy.

With this data and metadata finalized and compiled, the WIT astrophysics team painstakingly compared rotational speed and rotational force in all five zones and for all four years, using WIT’s super computer, Skynet, in Cheyenne, Wyoming to calculate probabilities and algorithmic data outputs.

Results – Earth Rotational Impact

After four years of field research and five months of exhaustive computational study, WIT has conclusively determined that wind turbines each produce a small amount of thrust which, cumulatively, negatively impacts the speed and force with which the Earth rotates. The turbines work sort of like an airplane propeller, and as they’re firmly attached to the ground, they function in such a manner as to retard said rotation, as they are built facing in a direction where their thrust counteracts the natural gravitational force of the planet itself.

Thrust_speedEach turbine produces thrust equivalent to slowing the Earth’s rotation by 0.00038%, which seems like a minute amount of drag. However, there are more than 317,000 wind turbines on planet Earth, which means that if all of these turbines were working at full efficiency at precisely the same time, the Earth’s rotation would be slowed by a staggering 120.46%… meaning the Earth would slow to a stop and begin to rotate in the opposite direction.

Of course, it’s rare for more than 800 of the world’s turbines to be functional at the same time, which means the Earth’s rotation is only slowed by 0.304% at any given time. This peak rotational reduction period, or PRRP, occurs from 7:35 am GMT to 11:40 am GMT on Wednesday, Thursday, and Saturday for each week in the month of June, the peak month, on global average, for wind turbine use.

By our calculations, the Earth’s perpetual rotational reduction rate, or PRRR, stands currently at 0.0016%. The PRRR measures the constant rate at which the Earth’s rotational rate has been reduced, averaged through the course of a typical functional year. This means the Earth’s rotational rate is perpetually slowed by that figure.

Results – Climate Impact

The Earth’s rotational rate reduction obviously has direct impacts on climate. The Earth endures less cooling from the rotational motion, and the effect of wind blowing on the planet’s crust to reduce temperatures. This directly impacts climate change, contributing more toward increasing global temperatures than any other manmade source.

The rotational rate reduction has other negative affects as well. Hurricanes and tornados are stronger and last longer, as the Earth isn’t rotating as quickly as the wind, in an opposite direction, making those winds more powerful. It rate also affects droughts, not only by the increasing temperatures, but also because water isn’t being naturally shifted around on the surface as much by stronger rotational forces.

2 Comments

  1. DominoFrost

    July 12, 2014 at 5:59 am

    http://www.businessinsider.com/chinas-three-gorges-dam-really-will-slow-the-earths-rotation-2010-6
    BUSINESS INSIDER More: China Science Water
    China’s Monster Three Gorges Dam Is About To Slow The Rotation Of The Earth
    CUTLER CLEVELAND, THE ENERGY WATCH
    JUN. 18, 2010, 9:23 AM 115,282 52
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    three gorges

    The Myth: The filling of the reservoir behind Three Gorges Dam in China changed the rotation of the Earth.
    The Evidence: Three Gorges Dam, China crosses the Yangtze River in Hubei province, China. It the world’s largest hydroelectric power station by total capacity, which will be 22,500 MW when completed. When the water level is maximum at 175 meters (574 ft) over sea level (91 meters (299 ft) above river level), the reservoir created by the dam is about 660 kilometers (410 mi) in length and 1.12 kilometers (0.70 mi) in width on average. The total surface area of the reservoir is 1045 square kilometers, and it will will flood a total area of 632 square kilometers, of land. The reservoir will contain about 39.3 cu km (9.43 cubic miles) of water. That water will weigh more than 39 trillion kilograms (42 billion tons).

    A shift in a mass of that size would affect the rotation of the Earth due to a phenomena known as the moment of inertia, which is the inertia of a rigid rotating body with respect to its rotation. The moment of inertia of an object about a given axis describes how difficult it is to change its angular motion about that axis. The longer the distance of a mass to its axis of rotation, the slower it will spin. You may not know it, but you see examples of this in everyday life. For example, a figure skater attempting to spin faster will draw her arms tight to her bodies, and thereby reduce her moment of inertia. Similarly, a diver attempting to somersault faster will bring his body into a tucked position.

    Raising 39 trillion kilograms of water 175 meters above sea level will increase the Earth’s moment of inertia and thus slow its rotation. However, the effect would extremely small. NASA scientists calculated that shift of such as mass would increase the length of day by only 0.06 microseconds and make the Earth only very slightly more round in the middle and flat on the top. It would shift the pole position by about two centimeters (0.8 inch). Note that a shift in any object’s mass on the Earth relative to its axis of rotation will change its moment of inertia, although most shifts are too small to be measured (but they can be calculated).”

    That is around the same time…

  2. Jimm

    January 7, 2015 at 12:58 pm

    This is rather a hard article to swallow for a couple of reasons:
    – windmills rely on their motion via the prevailing winds; they do not create thrust themselves.
    – “In general, easterly flow occurs at low and medium latitudes globally. In the mid-latitudes, westerly winds are the rule and their strength is largely determined by the polar cyclone.” – from wikipedia Since the wind comes from such different directions and at different strengths, if there *was* any actual thrust created, it would largely cancel itself out as it would be impossible to have all global windmills facing the same direction for any length of time.

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